Comeau, Pierre (~1598 – ~1690)

His family

+ Rose BAYON (~1631 – before 1678)

| Etienne COMEAU (~1650 – 1723.1.22)
| Pierre (l’ainé) COMEAU dit L’Esturgeon (1653 – 1730.4.9)
| Françoise COMEAU (1656 – 1680)
| Jean (l’ainé) COMEAU (1657 – 1720.11.24).
| Pierre (le jeune) COMEAU dit des Loups-Marins (1658 – 1716.6.10)
| Antoine COMEAU (1661 – ?)
| Marie-Jeanne COMEAU (~1662 – after 1725.10.8)
| Anne-Marie COMEAU (1664 – ?)
| Jean-Augustin COMEAU (1665 – ?)


His story

1598~ At the time of Pierre’s birth, Elizabeth I is queen of England and Henri IV le Grand (Bourbons) is the king of France.
1600~ There are many theories about the origins of Pierre. According to Arsenault he likely came from Charente where there are many other surnames ending with “au” and “eau”.

Other sites in France that have evidence of the surname include: Dijon, Pouilly-en-Auxois,  Charmoy, Normandy, Brittany and Angevin.  Unfortunately, none of these branches can produce evidence of Pierre’s parentage.

Arsenault, Bona; Généalogie des Acadiens  

Comeau, Jacques A., A family name, some ancestors: The COMEAU across France  

1603~ Samuel de Champlain explores the Saint-Lawrence river all the way to Sault St-Louis (Lachine)
James VI of Scotland becomes King James I of England, Scotland, and Ireland after the death of Elizabeth I.
1604 In the new settlement at Ste-Croix Island in Acadie many colonists died (mostly of scurvy) after a bad winter. Only 11 remained in good health. Champlain & de Monts decide to find a better location for settlement.
1605 Port royal settlement is founded.
1606 10 Port Royal settlement is abandoned by Champlain and Poutrincourt.
1607 Jamestown is established.
1608 07 03 Samuel de Champlain founds Québec.
1610 Louis XIII le Juste (Bourbon) becomes king of France
1612 10 Charles de Beaulieu, Comte de Soissons is named governor &  lieutenant-general of New France. Samuel de Champlain is named lieutenant of New France
1617 Louis Hébert, the first permanent colonist in Canada, settles in Québec with his family.
1617 Louis Hébert, the first permanent colonist in Canada, settles in Québec with his family.
1620 Marie Rollet, Louis Hébert’s wife, gives birth to the first child to survive in the colony.

The Pilgrim Fathers set sail for America in the Mayflower.

1625 The first Jesuits arrive in New France.
King Charles I succeeds his father, James I as king of England.
1627 04 29 The Compagnie des Cent-Associés (Company of One Hundred Associates) formed to colonize New France by Armand de Richelieu.
1627 11 16 An 11-month siege of La Rochelle, France, ends with the population of 20,000 reduced to 5,000.
1629 Québec is captured by Britain and is occupied for 3 years by the Kirke brothers.
1631~ Pierre’s future wife, Rose BAYON is born in Dijon, France.
Arsenault speculated that she was the daughter of Nicolas Bayol, but there is no evidence to prove that fact.
Arsenault, Bona; Généalogie des Acadiens
1632 Treaty of St-Germain-en-Laye – Québec and New France are returned to France. Samuel de Champlain is named the first Governor of New France. The Canadian Encyclopedia 
1632 07 Isaac de Razilly departs from LaRochelle with Charles de Menou and 300 settlers. Many believe that Pierre was among those settlers, although there is no evidence to support the notion.

If Pierre came as an engagé (indentured tradesman), he probably would have earned 60 livres a year as a cooper.

Godbout, Archange Godbout o.f.m,; Emigration Rochelaise en Nouvelle France
1634 By this date in Québec there were a few crude houses and several
barracks. In Montreal and Tadoussac, there were just a few cabins. There were trading posts for fur and fish along the St-Laurent and settlement was just beginning in Trois Rivieres.
1635 12 25 Death of Champlain at Fort Saint-Louis.
1636 Charles Huault de Montmagny becomes governor and Lieutenant général of New France.
1636 04 01 The St. Jehan arrives in Port Royal with French settlers,
including both men and women.
1640 The French and Iroquois are at war.
1641 The entire population of New France is about 300.
1642 Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve founds Ville-Marie (Montréal) and is its first governor. Jeanne Mance founds l’Hôtel-Dieu hospital in Montréal.

Construction of fort Richelieu (Sorel) to block the Iroquois’ traditional route.

1643 Louis XIV le Roi Soleil (Bourbon) becomes king of France.
1649 King Charles I is executed and Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord
Protector of the Commonwealth.
1650~ Marriage with Rose BAYON in Port Royal, Acadie.

Son Etienne is born in Port Royal.

 
1651 There are frequesnt and violent attacks by the Iroquois on the colonists of Trois-Rivières. In Quebec, a school for children of colonists is constructed.
The population of Montreal was 50.
de Lauson becomes governor of New France.
1652 15 colonists were living in Ile d’Orleans.
1653 Son Pierre (l’ainé dit L’Esturgeon) is born in Port Royal
1653 La Grande Recrue – a massive influx of about a hundred immigrants to Montreal under the orders of Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve.
The permanent resident population of Canada (New France) was estimated as
675, distributed as follows: Quebec – 400; Trois Rivieres – 175; Montreal – 100
 
1654 The Queen of France sends some filles fort honnestes to the colony of New France.  
1655~ Fort Port-Royal is captured by the British  
1656 Daughter Françoise is born in Port Royal
1657~ Son Jean (l’ainé) is born in Port Royal
1658 Son Pierre (le jeune) dit des Loups-Marins is born in Port Royal
1658 09 03 Richard Cromwell, son of Oliver Cromwell, becomes Lord
Protector of the Commonwealth & Proctorate.
 
1660 King Charles II returns to England from Holland and is
restored to the throne..
 
1661~ Son Antoine is born in Port Royal
1662~ Daughter Marie-Jeanne is born in Port Royal
1663 New France becomes a crown colony. Its population is now 2,500.
Great Québec earthquake.
Jean-Baptiste
Legardeur de Repentigny is elected the first mayor of Québec.
 
1664~ Daughter Anne-Marie is born in Port Royal
1664 There were 105 seigneuries established in New France.  
1665 Son Jean-Augustin is born in Port Royal
1665 Jean Talon is named the first intendant of New France. Forts constructed at Sorel and Chambly by de Saurel and Chambly. A third fort
was established on the Richelieu river (near present day St-Jean) by the end of the year.
The first filles du roi arrive in New France.
 
1666 Jean Talon conducts a census of New France – the population is now 4,219.  
1667 First grandson Bernard COMEAU is born in Port Royal. He is the son of Etienne COMEAU and Marie-Anne Lefebvre.
1667 The Treaty of Breda recognizes Acadia as a French possession.  
1670 Son Etienne marries Marie-Anne Lefebvre in Port Royal
1671 The population of Acadia numbering 340 is enumerated for its first census by Grandfontaine.
Pierre was listed as tonnelier (barrelmaker), 75 years old with 16 heads of cattle, 22 sheep and 6 arpents of cultivated land.
Grandfontaine; Familles etabli a l’Acadie (Archives des colonies : Série G 1 – 2572 lac_reel_c2572 C-2572 113152 MG1-G1)  1671 census page
1671 10 Granddaughter Catherine Comeau is born to Etienne and  Marie-Anne Lefebvre in Port Royal.
1672~ Founding of Beaubassin in the Chignecto Region.
The population of New France is now 6,700. The Comte de Frontenac governs
New France.
1672 Daughter Françoise marries Jean Gaudet in Port Royal
1673 Grandson Michel Hebert is born in Port Royal to Etienne Hebert and Marie-Jeanne Comeau.
Granddaughter Françoise Gaudet is born to Jean Gaudet and Françoise Comeau.
1674 Grandson Alexandre Comeau is born in Port Royal to Etienne Comeau and Marie Anne Lefebvre.
Grandson Jean Godet is born in 1674 to Jean Gaudet and Françoise Comeau
De Meulles, Resensement de la Nouvelle France (Transcripton by Benjamin Sulte Vol VI)
1674 François-Xavier de Montmorency, Monseigneur de Laval, becomes the first bishop of New France.
1675 Daughter Marie-Jeanne marries Etienne Hebert in Port Royal
1676~ Granddaughter Marie Comeau is born in Port Royal to Etienne Comeau and Marie Anne Lefebvre.
1677~ Son Jean marries Françoise Hebert in Port Royal.
Daughter Marie marries Etienne Rivest in Port Royal.
1678~ Grandson René Rivet is born to Etienne Rivest and Anne Marie Comeau.
1678 Rose Bayon, Pierre’s wife, died before 1678.

Census of Port Royal lists Pierre Comeau as a widower with four children still living with him: Pierre (18), Jean (14), Anthoine (17), Jeanne (16). He owns 12 cattle, 1 compass, 4 oxen and 14 arpents of cultivated land.

Son Pierre marries Jeanne Bourg in Port Royal. Later, a daughter, Marie Comeau is born in Port Royal

Le Neuf de la Valliere, Michel; Estat des habitans du Port Royal en 1678 (Transcription by Memoires de la Societe Genealogique from d’Entremont version).
1679 Granddaughter Marie Comeau is born in Port Royal to Jean Comeau (L’aine) and Françoise Hebert.
1680 Daughter Françoise dies in Port Royal.

Grandson Antoine Hebert is born in Port Royal to Etienne Hebert and Marie
Jeanne Comeau.
Another grandson, Abraham Comeau is born in Port Royal to Pierre  Comeau (l’aine) dit L’Esturgeon and Jeanne
Bourg.
Twin grandsons Pierre and Etienne Comeau are born in Port Royal to Jean Comeau  (L’aine) and Françoise
Hebert.

1681~ Granddaughter Marguerite Comeau is born to Pierre Comeau (l’aine) dit
L’Esturgeon and Jeanne Bourg. .
1682~ Granddaughter Anne Comeau is born in Port Royal to Pierre Comeau (l’aine) dit
L’Esturgeon and Jeanne  Bourg.
1682 Founding of Grand-Pré in Minas. This area will become the bread basket of Acadia.
1682 04 23 Granddaughter Marie Hebert is born and christened in Les Mines Acadie. She is the daughter of  Etienne Hebert and Marie
Jeanne Comeau.
1683~ Four grandsons are born:
Pierre Comeau to Etienne Comeau and
Marie Anne  Lefebvre.
Jean  Commeaux to Jean Comeau  (L’aine) and Françoise  Hebert.
Etienne Rivet to Etienne Rivest and Anne Marie  Comeau.
Jean- Baptiste Comeau to Jean  Comeau(L’aine) and  Françoise Hebert.
1684~ Granddaughter Cecile Comeau is born to Pierre Comeau (l’aine) dit  L’Esturgeon and Jeanne  Bourg.
1684 11 23 Grandson Etienne Hebert is born in Port Royal to  Etienne Hebert and Marie
Jeanne Comeau.
1685 King James II succeeds his
brother, Charles II as king of England.
 
1685~ Three granddaughters are born:
Anne Marie Comeau to Jean Comeau (L’aine) and  Françoise Hebert.
Madeleine Comeau to Pierre Comeau (l’aine) dit  L’Esturgeon and Jeanne
Bourg.
Jeanne Comeau to Pierre  Comeau (l’aine) dit  L’Esturgeon and Jeanne Bourg
1686~ Two grandchildren are born in Port Royal.
Marguerite Comeau to Jean  Comeau (L’aine) and  Françoise HebertJoseph Comeau to Pierre  Comeau (l’aine) dit  L’Esturgeon and Jeanne Bourg.
1686 Census of Port Royal where Pierre COMMEAU is listed as a widower, 88, with 6 arpents, 4 cattle, 12 sheep, 4 hogs.

Map of Belle Isle area

Pierre Comeau homestead c. 1686

Living with him are: Pierre (25), Antoine (24), Jean (21).

Son Jean-Augustin marries Catherine Babin in Port Royal.
Grandson Pierre Comeau is born in Port Royal to  Pierre Comeau (l’aine) dit
L’Esturgeon and Jeanne  Bourg.

Comeau, Scott; ArcGIS map of Belle Isle settlements

De Meulles; Resensement de la Nouvelle France (Transcripton by Benjamin Sulte Vol VI)

1689 Two granddaughters are born:
Marie Comeau in Les Mines to Jean-
Augustin Comeau and  Catherine Babin.
Angélique Comeau in Port Royal to Pierre
Comeau (l’aine) dit  L’Esturgeon and Jeanne  Bourg.
1687~ St-Charles des Mines Church is built at Grand-Pré.

A measles epidemic takes hold in Quebec.

1688~ Grandson Augustin Comeau is born in Port Royal to Jean Comeau (L’aine) and Françoise Hebert.
1689 King William III and Queen Mary II jointly assume the throne of England. .
1689 Son Pierre (le jeune) marries Jeanne Bourgeois in Port Royal.

Three granddaughters are born:
Françoise Comeau to Pierre Comeau (l’aine) dit  L’Esturgeon and Jeanne
Bourg.
Genevieve Comeau in Les Mines to Jean Augustin Comeau  and Catherine Babin.
Cecile Hebert to Etienne Hebert and Marie
Jeanne Comeau

1690~ Port-Royal is captured by the British. It will be renamed Annapolis Royal.

By the time he died, Pierre left behind: 8 children and at least 34 grandchildren.


Legend

♦ – documented or primary source evidence exists
  – credible evidence or research
  – Unproven or uncertain evidence or research
♦ – speculation