Como, Paul (1826.06.30 – 1905.12.27)

His family

↑ (Joseph COMEAU & Marie Marguerite CHAPDELAINE)

+ Marie MATHIEU (~1832 – ~1875)
| unknown COMEAU (1854- 1854)
| Joseph COMEAU (1856.3.14 – 1901-12-19)
| Paul Stephane COMEAU (1858.4.8- 1940.11.1)
| Adelaide COMEAU (1861.7.9 – ?)
| Marie COMEAU (1864.4.2 – 1864.6.22)
| Pierre COMEAU (1866.10.21 – 1934.10.10)

+ Florence DUHAMEL (1831 – 1898.12.5)


His story

Paul Comeau: Witness to change

1826 06 30 Paul’s birth and baptism in St-Ours Quebec. At the time of his birth, George IV is king.

He has 8 older siblings: Joseph, Marie Marguerite, Josephte, Sophie, Marie Charlotte, Eleonore, Honoree, and Pierre.

Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin, Ancestry.com. Quebec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1968 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2008.
1829 02 11 Paul’s brother Alexis is baptised in St-Ours Quebec. Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes
1831~ Birth of Paul’s future second wife, Florence DUHAMEL.

In the 1831 census, Paul’s family is living near Ruisseau Laplante and his father is listed as a farmer with 191 out of 313 acres cultivated. They are growing wheat, peas, oats, barley, potatoes and buckwheat. Their livestock include: 20 cattle, 6 horses, 26 sheep and 12 pigs.

1831 Census of Lower Canada, Quebec, Richelieu, p. 1500, Joseph Comeau; digital images, “Census,” Library & Archives Canada.
1832~ Birth of Paul’s future first wife, Marie MATHIEU.
1832 04 01 Canada’s immigrant quarantine station opens at Grosse Isle.
1833 03 24 Paul’s brother Jean Baptiste is born in St-Ours Quebec. Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes
1837 06 20 Victoria becomes Queen
1837 – 1838 Lower Canada (Patriote) rebellion
1839 01 Durham Report: Proposal to unite Upper and Lower Canada and assimilate the French.
1839 08 Death of sister, Marie Marguerite.
1840 Death of mother Marie Marguerite CHAPDELAINE.
1841 02 10 Act of Union: Upper and Lower Canada united to become the Province of Canada and renamed to Canada East and Canada West.
1843 ~ Paul is believed to have worked in St-Ours as a lock keeper or barge puller.
1845 01 12 Paul is named the godfather to his nephew Antoine Mongeon. Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1846 Canada-U.S. Boundary Completed
1847 The height of the typhus and cholera epidemic brought by immigrants – the black year of emigration
1849 Official bilingualism: All Canadian parliament bills are now in both English and French.
1849 10 11 Annexation Manifesto: Montreal’s businessmen call for Canada’s annexation by the U.S.
1850 03 02 Burial of Paul’s father Capitaine Joseph COMEAU (1776-Abt 1850) in St-Ours. Burial certificate (extract of register)
1851 First Canadian postage stamp: Orange-red stamp is created by Sir Sandford Fleming, sells for three pence and features a beaver.
1852 1852 Census: Canada East & West. Records for St. Ours, Ste-Victoire are missing, About the 1851 census
1852 01 15 Paul COMMEAU & Marie MATHIEU sign a marriage contract in St-Ours before notary P. N. Leclair.

Paul’s occupation is noted as cultivateur. He and Marie are unable to sign and place their marks on the contract.

 Marriage contract
1852 01 19 Paul & 1852 Marie MATHIEU are married in Ste-Victoire-de-Sorel, Quebec by A. Lemay ptre. Witnesses at the wedding are: Joseph Grégoire, Laurent St-Martin, Pierre Commeau (brother of Paul), Joseph Matthieu (Marie’s father). Only Joseph Matthieu & Pierre Commeau were able to sign the register. Marriage certificate (extract of register)
1852 02 23 Sale of a plot of land in Ste-Victoire-de-Sorel. Copy of original record, Richelieu county – Archives Nationales du Quebec.
1854 04 28 Paul and Marie MATHIEU’s first child is born and dies the same day. The couple are living in St-Jude QC. Société généalogique canadienne-française (SGCF) BMD records.
1854 12 18 Abolition du régime seigneurial | Abolition of the seigneurial system
1855 Ice Hockey: The first game of ice hockey is believed to have been played in Kingston, Ontario
1856 Louis Pasteur invents pasteurisation
1856 03 14 Joseph COMEAU (1856-1901) son of Paul and Marie MATHIEU is born and baptised in St-Ours. Baptism certificate (extract of register)
1857 Ottawa is declared the capital of Canada by Queen Victoria:
1858 The Canadian dollar & new decimal coins were introduced: The colony’s currency became aligned with the U.S.currency, although the British gold sovereign continued to
remain legal tender at the rate of £1 = ?4.86 2/3 right up until the 1990s.
1858 04 08 Son born (1-#3): St-Jude QC. Paul Stephane COMEAU (1858-1940) son of
Paul COMO and Marie MATHIEU.Christened in St-Jude
Société généalogique canadienne-française (SGCF) BMD records.
1860 The Maple Leaf: first used as official emblem of Canada during visit from the Prince of Wales.
1861 1861 Census: L’Immaculée-Conception-de-St. Ours. Canada. Paul appears alone in this census without his family. Library and Archives Canada, “1861 Census of Canada,” database.
1861 07 09 Daughter Adelaide is born in St-Jude

Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada), Paul / Marie Mathieu; Comeau research library.

Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1864 04 02 Daughter Marie is born in St-Jude. Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.
1864 06 22 Daughter Marie dies in St-Jude. Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.
1866 Alfred Nobel invents dynamite.

Fenian Raids: Irish Americans raid Canada.

1866 10 21 Son Pierre is born in St-Aimé, Quebec. Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.
1867 07 01 Confederation: British North America Act creates the Dominion of Canada from the provinces of Canada (Upper and Lower), New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. John A. MacDonald is the first prime minister.
1869 11 19 Rupert’s Land joins Canada: Canada purchases Rupert’s Land from Hudson’s Bay Company. Some of this land is added to Ontario, and the rest is later divided into the provinces of Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories.
1870 07 15 Part of Rupert’s Land becomes Manitoba — the fifth province.
1870 Paul Como and his family are living in Hardwick, Massachusetts. Paul and his older children are all working in a woolen mill. Marie (Mary) is keeping house. Dillon (male) is noted as having attended school in the previous 12 months and can read and write. Pierre (Peter) is at home.
Paul Sr. is listed as a US citizen without voting rights.
Dillon could be Adelaide.
1870 U.S. census, Worcester, Massachusetts, population schedule, Hardwick, p. 109A, family 104, Paul Como; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2018-4-25); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll M593_653.
1871 07 20 British Columbia becomes Canada’s sixth province.
1872 Dominion Land Act: Prairies opened for settlement by offer of 160 acres of land to each settler, resident for 3 years and paying a $10 filing fee.
1872 – 1901 Paul is listed in the seigneury of St-Ours land register as either a land owner or tenant farmer. Fonds de la Seigneurie de Saint-Ours : C-15653.Image 309; 311
1873 North-West Mounted Police created: “Mounties” formed from civilians to patrol the west.
1873 07 01 Prince Edward Island becomes Canada’s seventh province
1873 11 07 Alexander Mackenzie (Liberal) becomes 2nd PM of Canada:
1875 06 12 Paul ‘signs’ a contract in St-Ours with Capt. Frs.Lamoureux.
The contract is possibly for a transfer of a loan. 
Copy of original.
1875 10 08 Paul’s wife Marie MATHIEU dies sometime before this date when an inventory of the couple’s assets is made as part of her estate settlement. Copy of original record, Richelieu county – Archives Nationales du Quebec.
1875 10 12 Marriage in Ste-Victoire-de-Sorel of Paul and Florence DUHAMEL Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone:
1877 Eadweard Muybridge invents the first moving pictures.

Thomas Edison invents the cylinder phonograph or tin foil phonograph

1878 01 28 Mortgage contract between Paul & Florence DUHAMEL and Sophie DUHAMEL for purchase of land and construction of a house. Original records, Notary Bazin
1878 10 09 Sir John A. MacDonald wins a second term as PM of Canada
1879 02 07 Repayment of loan from Thomas DUHAMEL. Fonds de la Seigneurie de Saint-Ours : C-15650 Images #82-84
1879 06 22 Paul witnesses the marriage contract between his son Joseph COMEAU & Marie Hermine Albina
GREGOIRE. His occupation is noted as cultivateur. Other witnesses are: Joseph Gregoire (Albina’s father),
Pierre Commeau (Paul’s son), and Léopold Duhamel.
Copy of original.
1879 06 24 Marriage of son Joseph COMEAU to Marie HermineAlbina GREGOIRE in St-Ours. Marriage certificate (extract of register)
1880 The construction of the western section of the Canadian Pacific Railway employs thousands of Chinese workers.
1880 03 06 Granddaughter Rosaline COMEAU born daughter of Joseph & Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1881 In the 1881 census, Paul and Florence are living in St-Ours. Paul’s occupation is listed as cultivateur.Listed as living in the household are sons Joseph, Pierre and Paul.  Also listed is Aurelie Harpin. 1881 census of Canada, Quebec, district Richelieu, sub-district St-Ours, p. 40, family 181, Paul Comeau; RG 31; digital images, Library & Archives Canada
1881 11 07 Granddaughter Leontine COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1882 Home children arrive: First shipload of sponsored immigrant children arrive in Canada (Dr. Barnardo Homes etc.).
1882 11 18 Death of Grandchild Leontine COMEAU Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1883 01 11 Granddaughter Marie Anne Aldéa COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE. Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1883 02 11 Granddaughter Leonida COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1883 06 13 Death of grandchild Leonida COMEAU
1884 03 15 Granddaughter Leontine COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1884 03 24 Death of grandchild Rosaline COMEAU Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1884 05 01 Death of Grandchild Marie Anne Aldéa COMEAU (1883-1884) Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1885 Karl Benz invents the first practical automobile to be powered by an internalcombustion engine.
1885 03 14 Granddaughter Aline COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1885 04 13 Marriage of son Paul Stephane to  Marie GOUIN in St-Robert, Quebec. Paul is listed as a witness. Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.
1885 09 03 Death of grandchild Leontine COMEAU (1884-1885) Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1885 11 07 Canadian Pacific Railway Completed: ‘Here on November 7, 1885, a plain iron spike welded East to West’, says a plaque in Craigellachie, Eagle Pass, BC.
1885 11 16 Louis Riel hanged: Accused of treason for leading the Métis resistance, Louis Riel’s hanging in Regina further degrades English-French relations.
1886 John Pemberton invents Coca Cola.
1886 04 24 Grandson Roch COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1886 11 20 Death of grandchild Roch COMEAU (1886-1886). Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1887 01 29 Honoré Mercier (père) (1840-1894) Libéral: Premier ministre de la province du 29 janvier 1887 au 21 décembre 1891.
1887 06 04 Granddaughter Noela COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1888 08 09 Granddaughter Blanche COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1889 01 06 Death of grandchild Blanche COMEAU (1888-1889) Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1889 03 22 Death of grandchild: Noela COMEAU (1887-1889).
1889 03 04 Benjamin Harrison becomes 23rd president of the United States.
1889 10 17 Grandson Roch COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1899 10 30 Boer War: Canadian troops sent overseas for the first time to fight in the Boer War, but this is opposed by Quebec.
1890~ Granddaughter Rose COMEAU born to Pierre COMEAU and Elizabeth BRISEBOIS.

The family has portraits taken.
 Photo montage: Aline COMEAU
1891 In Quebec, List of Lands Granted by the Crown in the Province of Quebec from 1763 to 31st December 1890, arranged by townships within counties, and indexed by grantees, was published in 1891 by order of the Quebec Legislature.
1891 02 11 Granddaughter Blanche COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1891 04 1891 Canada Census places Paul and Florence in St-Ours, where he is still listed as cultivateur. Census of Canada, 1891, database, Ancestry (ancestry.ca : accessed 2018-4-16), Paul Comeau; Library & Archives Canada. 
1891 06 15 Sir John Abbott (Conservative.) 3rd PM of Canada
1892 11 25 Sir John Thompson (Conservative) 4th PM of Canada:
1892 12 12 – 1898 01 20 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau (1840-1898) Conservateur: Lieutenant-gouverneur de la province de Québec
1893 03 04 Grover Cleveland becomes 24th president of the United States.
1894 12 13 Sir MacKenzie Bowell (Conservative) 5th PM of Canada
1895 04 05 Granddaughter Dolores COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE.
1896 Gold found in Bonanza Creek, Klondike River, Yukon.
1896 05 01 Sir Charles Tupper (Conservative) 6th PM of Canada:
1896 07 11 Sir Wilfred Laurier (Liberal) 7th PM of Canada:
1897 03 04 1897-03-04 William McKinley becomes 25th president of the United States.
1897 05 24 – 1900 09 25 Félix-Gabriel Marchand (1832-1900) Libéral: Premier ministre et président du Conseil exécutif
1898 12 05 Death of Florence DUHAMEL (1831-1898) in St-Ours Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1900 Paul is living with his son, Paul Stephane and his family in Southbridge, Massachusetts. 1900 U.S. census, Worcester, Massachusetts, pop. sch., Southbridge, p. 12, fam. 203
1900 11 26 Grandson Joseph Louis Philippe COMEAU born to Joseph and Marie Hermine Albina GREGOIRE in St-Ours. Baptism certificate (extract of register)
1901 01 22 Edward VII becomes king.
1901 09 14 Theodore Roosevelt becomes 26th president of the United States.
1901 12 17 Death of Paul’s son, Joseph COMEAU (1856-1901) in St-Ours. Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.
1904 08 18 Death of grandchild Roch COMEAU (1889-1904).

Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.

Paroisse de St-Ours (St-Ours, Quebec, Canada). Repertoire des actes.
1903 The Wright brothers invent the first gas motored and manned airplane:
1905 09 01 Alberta and Saskatchewan become Canada’s eighth and ninth provinces.
1905 12 27 Death in Southbridge, Massachussets, Southbridge. Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.
1905 12 30 Burial in St-Ours. Son Paul is in attendance. Gabriel Drouin, comp, Drouin Collection.

Legend

♦ – documented or primary source evidence exists
  – credible evidence or research
  – Unproven or uncertain evidence or research
♦ – speculation

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