↑ Jean COMEAU & Françoise Hébert
+Suzanne BEZIER (~1677 – 1757.11.12)
| Suzanne COMEAU (~1705 – ?)
| Alexandre COMEAU (1707.11.21 – 1802)
| Marie-Josephte COMEAU (1710 – ?)
| Pierre COMEAU (1712.2.22 – ~1763)
| Marie Madeleine COMEAU (1714.10.21 – 1803.9)
| Etienne COMEAU (1717.1.3 – 1757.12.17)
| Anne COMEAU (1718.10.9 – ?)
| Elisabeth COMEAU (1718.10.9 – 1757.12.20)
| Jean-Baptiste COMEAU (1720.12.22 – 1724.5.3)
| Guillaume COMEAU (1723.5.27 – 1757.12.17)
| Prudent COMEAU (1727.4.27 – 1727.5.1)
| Joseph COMEAU (1728.9.6 – ?)
| François Maza COMEAU (1731 – 1820)
At the time of Pierre’s birth, the king of France is Louis XIV le Roi Soleil (Bourbon). Charles II is the king of England.
New France is a crown colony with a population of 6,700. (1671). Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac, is the governor.
The Treaty of Breda recognized Acadia as a French possession. The population of Acadia is 340 according to its first census by Grandfontaine in 1671
|1680||Pierre and his twin brother, Etienne, are born in Port Royal. They already have a two-year-old sister, Marie-Charlotte.|
|1682||Founding of Grand-Pré in Minas. This area will become the bread basket of Acadia.|
|1683~||Pierre’s brother Jean-Baptiste is born. Could possibly be 1686.♦|
|1685||King James II succeeds his brother, Charles II as king of England.
1685 – Edict of Nantes allowing freedom of religion to Huguenot protestants is revoked in France, resulting
in thousands of Huguenot craftworkers and traders settling in England.
|1685~||Pierre’s sister Anne-Marie is born in Port Royal.|
|1686~||In the census recorded by Monsieur de Meulles, Pierre’s father, Jean COMMEAU, is 30 years old with 4 arpents of cultivated land, 4 cattle and 10 sheep. Living in the household are his wife (23 years old), 2 daughters and 3 sons. Pierre is estimated to be 6 years old.
Pierre’s future wife, Suzanne BEZIER (Pierre dit Touin &
Pierre’s sister Marguerite is born.
|De Meulles; Resensement de la Nouvelle France (Transcripton by Benjamin Sulte Vol VI) ♦|
|1687~||St-Charles des Mines Church is built at Grand-Pré.
A measles epidemic takes hold in Quebec.
|1688~||Pierre’s brother Augustin is born in Port Royal.|
|1689||King William III and Queen Mary II jointly assume the throne of England when deposed James VII/II flees to Ireland.
French-Five Nations war begins. Lachine massacre perpetrated by the Iroquois.
|1690~||Port-Royal is captured by the British. It will be renamed Annapolis Royal. An oath of allegiance to England is signed by Port Royal residents.
Frontenac repels Sir William Phipps attack on Quebec.
|1690||Pierre’s grandfather, Pierre COMEAU dies in Acadie.
Pierre’s sister Marie is born.
|1691~||Pierre’s brother François is born in Port Royal.|
|1693~||Pierre’s brother Claude is born in Port Royal.
In the census of 1693, Pierre’s father, Jean COMEAU is 40 years old with 18 cattle, 35 sheep, 14 hogs, 30 arpents of cultivated land and 1 gun. In his household are his wife (33 years old) and children: Anne Marie, Augustin, Francois, Jean Baptiste, Jean, Marguerite, Marie, Etienne and Pierre, who is listed as being 13.
Suzanne BEZIER is 7 years old and living with her parents
|1694~||Pierre’s sister Françoise is born in Port Royal.|
|1694 12 28||King William III reigns alone after the death of Queen Mary II.|
|1695~||Pierre’s brother Alexandre is born in Port Royal.|
|1695 08 16||An oath of allegiance to King William is administered by Captain Fleetwood Emes, commander of the Sorlings frigate to the residents of Port Royal. The mark of Pierre’s father Jean Commeaux is on the document.
||Oath of Allegiance to King William at Port Royal.
Document. 1695-8. Boston archives. ♦
|1697||Pierre’s sister Madeleine is born in Port Royal.
Pierre’s sister Marie-Charlotte marries Pierre GIROUARD in Port Royal.
|1697~||The treaty of Ryswick restores all captured territory between France and England|
|1698||In the 1698 census Pierre’s father, Jean Commeau is 43 with 16 cattle, 35 sheep, 7 hogs, 39 arpents of cultivated land, 83 fruit trees and 1 gun. In his household are his wife (37 years old) and children: Alexandre, Anne Marie, Augustin, Claude, Etienne, Francois, Francoise, Jean-Baptiste, Jean, Madeleine, Marguerite, Marie and Pierre, who is 18 .
Susanne BEZIER is 12 and living with her parents Pierre BEZIER dit Touin and Magdelaine BRUN
|1698 Census of Acadie (From http://acadian-genweb.acadian-home.org/frames.html) ♦|
|1699||Pierre’s sister Marguerite is born in Port Royal.|
|1699||A smallpox epidemic in New France kills 100 people.|
|1700~||A map of the Annapolis Valley shows the location of Jean’s (J. CAUMON) homestead with 2 buildings.|
|1701~||Founding of Petitcodiac.
Another smallpox epidemic ravages Quebec.
|1701 07 04||La Grande Paix de Montréal. Governor Callière and 38 First Nations chiefs sign an accord to end the wars between the French and Iroquois and the Anglo-Iroquois alliance.|
|1702||Another smallpox epidemic kills 2-3,000 people in New France.
Queen Anne (Stuart) succeeds her brother-in-law, William III.
England declares war on France in the War of the Spanish Succession
|1703||Eighth Acadian census. With a population of 1,450, the Acadians are enumerated again.|
|1703 07 26
1703 08 19 (baptism)
|Pierre’s brother Joseph Jean-Baptiste is born in Port Royal.|
|1704 01 25||Pierre marries Suzanne BEZIER in Port Royal, in St-Jean Baptiste parish. Witnesses included Felix Pain, Recollet missionary, and du Chambon, the governor of Acadia. It’s noted in the marriage register that the bride and groom did not know how to sign.|
|1705~||Daughter Suzanne is born in Pisiguid, Acadie|
|1705 08 01||Pierre’s sister Anne-Judith is born in Port Royal.|
|1707||In the 1707 census, Pierre’s father Jean is in Les Mines with his wife, 2 boys less than 14,1 girl 12 or older, 4 younger girls; 2 arpents, 10 cattle, 10 sheep, 8 hogs.||1707 Acadie census. Library & Archives Canada, Call Number: MG1-G1 , volume 466, partie 1, pages 215 ♦|
|1707 11 21||Son Alexandre is born in St-Charles-des-Mines|
|1708||Queen Anne’s war breaks out and there is unrest with the British.|
|1708 04 09||Son Alexandre is baptised in St-Charles-des-Mines|
|1709~||Death of Pierre’s sister Marie Charlotte.|
|1709||Slavery is legalized in Canada.|
|1710~||Marriage of Pierre’s twin brother Etienne to Marguerite FOREST in Port Royal.
Daughter Marie-Josephte is born in Annapolis Royal.
|1710||Port-Royal falls to the British one last time and is now called Annapolis Royal after Queen Anne.|
|1710 02 02||Marriage of Pierre’s sister Françoise COMEAU to Jean Baptiste Soulard in Port Royal.|
|1711 08 23||British Fleet runs aground on Ile-aux-Oeufs while preparing to attack Québec. 950 drown.|
|1711 09 02-03||A storm causes Walkers’s british Fleet to run aground on the rocks of Ile-aux-Oeufs.|
|1712 02 22||Son Pierre is born in Pisiguid.|
|1713 04 11||By the Treaty of Utrecht Acadia now belongs to England and never again returns to France. Britain also gets possession of Hudson Bay and Newfoundland, but not Ile Royale (Cape Breton). Acadia is renamed Nova Scotia.|
1713 02 17 (burial)
|Pierre’s mother, Françoise HEBERT, dies at 50 years old in Annapolis Royal (formerly Port Royal). She is buried in the Cimitiere du Haut de la Riviere.||Library & Archives Canada; http://collectionscanada.gc.ca), C1870, MG 9, B8, p. 649 ♦|
|1713 11 06||Marriage of Pierre’s brother Jean Baptiste to Anne Marie Thibodeau in Grand Pré, Acadie.|
|1714||The 1714 census conducted by Felix Pain in Acadie lists Pierre’s father, Jean Commeau, with his wife, 2 male children and 5 female children. It’s possible the census was published after her death in 1713.♦
Pierre has his own household and is enumerated with his wife, 4 boys and 3 girls.
|Felix Pain, Recensement de 15 Octobre 1714 par Felix Pain ♦|
|1714 02 12||Marriage of Pierre’s brother Augustin Comeau to Jeanne Levron in Annapolis Royal.|
|1714 08 01||Queen Anne (Stuart) died – George I (Hanover)
|1714 10 20
1714 10 21 (baptism)
|Daughter Marie-Magdeleine is born in Annapolis Royal. She is baptised the next day.|
|1715||Louis XV becomes king of France
A drought causes a wheat shortage in New France.
|1715 01 07||Marriage of Pierre’s brother François to Marie Jeanne SOULARD (who died after 1718) in Québec, Québec.||Archives National de Quebec ♦|
|1716 09 30||Marriage of Pierre’s sister Madeleine to Pierre Trahan in Pisiguid.|
|1717 01 02
1717 01 03 (baptism)
|Son Etienne is born in Annapolis Royal and baptised the next day.|
|1717 02 17||Death of Pierre’s sister Françoise in Québec, Québec.|
|1717 11 22||Death of Pierre’s brother François in Québec, Québec. Probably caused by an epidemic.|
|1718||Another epidemic of malignant fevers strikes the colonies.|
|1718 10 09||Twin daughters Anne and Elizabeth are born in Annapolis Royal.|
|1719 01 23||Marriage of Pierre’s sister Marguerite to Ambroise Melançon in Annapolis Royal.|
|1720||The fortress at Louisbourg begins construction..|
|1720 04 22||Pierre’s father, Jean, remarries to Catherine LEJEUNE in Annapolis Royal. Another date for this marriage could be 1720-01-07.♦
Catherine gives birth to a daughter (Francoise) in November that year.
|1720 11 03
1720 11 14 (buried)
|After a lengthy illness, Pierre’s father Jean dies in Annapolis Royal at the age of 63.||Nova Scotia Archives. Registers of St. Jean-Baptiste, Annapolis Royal, 1702-1755. Database and images. An Acadian Parish Remembered ♦|
|1721||Massive fire in Montreal destroys 171 houses.|
|1722-1725||French prisoners are sent to New France as penal colonists. The intendant and bishop succeed in ending the practice.|
|1722 12 22||Son Jean-Baptiste is born in Annapolis Royal. He dies three years later.|
|1722 04 13||Pierre’s sister Anne-Marie dies.|
|1723 05 27||Son Guillaume is born in Annapolis Royal.|
|1724 05 03||Son Jean-Baptiste is dies in Annapolis Royal.|
|1725 05 28||Daughter Suzanne marries Antoine THIBODEAU in Annapolis Royal.|
|1725 07 21||Pierre’s brother Alexandre dies.|
|1725 12 15||Treaties signed between the Eastern Aboriginal Peoples and Great Britain.|
|1727||George II succeeds his father, George I as king of Great Britain.|
|1727 04 26
1727 04 27 (baptism)
|Son Prudent is born in Annapolis Royal. He is baptised the next day in St-Jean parish and dies a few days later.|
|1727 05 01||Son Prudent dies in Annapolis Royal.|
|1728||Quebec experiences a harsh winter.|
|1728 09 06
1728 09 07 (baptism)
|Son Joseph is born in Annapolis Royal and is baptised the next day.|
|1729||Grandson Blaise THIBODAUX is born in Pisiguid to Antoine THIBODEAU and Suzanne COMEAU.|
|1729||Another harsh winter in Quebec.|
|1732||Shipbuilding industry begins in Quebec.|
|1733||New France experiences a year of disasters, epidemics and unemployment.|
|1733||Son François Maza is born in in Annapolis Royal.
Daughter Marie-Josephte marries Charles Olivier DUPUIS in Annapolis Royal
|1734||New France experiences a smallpox epidemic.
In April, a fire in Montreal destroys 45 houses.
|1735||A ship from France brings contagion to the colony.
Construction of the Chemin du Roi on the north shore of the St-Lawrence between Quebec and Montréal.
|1736||Disastrous wheat crops in the colony are due to excessive rains.|
|1737||Because of the previous year’s crop failures, famine spreads across the colony.|
|1737 01 16||Son Alexandre marries Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD in Annapolis Royal.|
|1737 02 01||Daughter Marie-Magdeleine marries Jean LAURT in Annapolis Royal.|
|1739||The last census of the Regime Francaise.|
|1739||Grandson Alexandre COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD.|
|1739 11 23||Son Pierre marries Isabelle LORD in Annapolis Royal.|
|1740||Grandson Joseph Belony COMEAU is born to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.|
|1741||Grandson Joseph Amable COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD.|
|1741 10 13||Pierre’s brother Augustin dies.|
|1742 04 27||Granddaughter Marie Josephte COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.|
|1742||There is famine after a harvest that was even worse than 1737 due to excessive rain. There is also an invasion of caterpillars.|
|1743||A typhus epidemic strikes the colony.|
|1743||Grandson Germain COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.|
|1744 01 13||A double marriage in the family. Son Etienne marries Anne Hélène BLANCHARD and daughter Anne marries Silvain BOURGEOIS in Annapolis Royal.|
|1744 03 11||France declares war against England.|
|1744 05 13||Granddaughter Anne Suzanne COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD.|
|1745~||Granddaughter Anne-Helene COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Etienne COMEAU and Anne Hélène BLANCHARD.|
|1745 05||The fortress of Louisbourg is taken by an inexperienced New England military force supported by an English naval fleet of medium size. The siege lasted 7 weeks and most of the residents were deported to France. The English occupied the fort until the treaty of d’Aix-la-Chapelle in 1749.|
|1746~||Grandson Pierre Andre COMEAU is born to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD..|
|1746 12 21||Grandson Amand COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD..|
|1747 01 28||Grandson Charles COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud
|1747 10 25||Granddaughter Félicité COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal Etienne COMEAU and Anne Hélène BLANCHARD.|
|1748||Treaty of Aix-de-Chapelle ends French-British war: returns Louisbourg to France.|
|1748 10 27||Granddaughter Anne COMEAU born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.|
|1749||Britain founds Halifax and brings 2,576 English settlers to counter the French presence at Louisbourg.
An epidemic of fever strikes New France – there are numerous deaths.
|1749 02 03||A triple marriage in the family. Son Guillaume marries Elisabeth BLANCHARD, daughter Anne marries Silvain BOURGEOIS and son Joseph marries Magdelaine GIROUARD in Annapolis Royal.|
|1749 08 15||1725 Indian Treaties renewed. Nova Scotia governor Cornwallis and Malecites sign.|
|1749 12 22||Granddaughter Félicité COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Guillaume COMEAU and Elisabeth BLANCHARD.|
|1750||Three granddaughters born: Seraphie A. COMEAU in Annapolis Royal to Joseph COMEAU and Magdelaine GIROUARD
Marie Josephte COMEAU in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD.
Natalie LORD to Jean LAURT and Marie Magdeleine COMEAU.
|1750||A typhus epidemic spreads through New France.|
|1750 05 21||Grandson Francois COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.|
|1750 06 29||Granddaughter Marguerite COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Etienne COMEAU and Anne Hélène BLANCHARD.|
|1751 04 11||Granddaughter Marguerite COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Joseph COMEAU and Magdelaine GIROUARD|
|1752 03 23||The Halifax Gazette begins publication – the first newspaper printed in Canada.|
|1752 04 25||Granddaughter Elisabeth COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Guillaume COMEAU and Elisabeth BLANCHARD.|
|1752 10 30||Granddaughter Elisabeth COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.|
|1752 11 02||Granddaughter Anne COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Joseph COMEAU and Magdelaine GIROUARD.|
|1752 11 22||The 1725 Indian Treaties are renewed by N.S. Gov. Cornwallis and Micmacs.|
|1753 04 06||Grandson Guillaume COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud
|1754||French and Indian war begins (7 Years War). War is not declared in Europe for another two years|
|1754 06 28||Grandson Guillaume Joseph COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Guillaume COMEAU and Elisabeth BLANCHARD.|
|1755~||Daughter Anne’s second marriage to Charles MOUTON.
Grandson Jean BLANCHARD born to René BLANCHARD and
Daughter Marguerite married J.B. BLANCHARD in Annapolis Royal.
|1755||British establish a postal service in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Fort Beausejour falls to the British and is renamed Fort Cumberland.
The Great Expulsion begins. Over 10,000 Acadians are forced from their homes by British Governor Charles Lawrence.
A French fleet (4000 men) is engaged and scattered on the
A smallpox epidemic strikes Quebec.
A fire damages l’Hôtel-Dieu hospital in Québec.
|1755 07 28||The acadian deportation begins and continues for several years. On this date, governor Charles Lawrence, orders the deportation. The transport of families from the Beaubassin region begins in August.|
|1755 09 05||Deportaton of Acadiens from the Grand-Pré region.|
|1756||A typhus epidemic strikes the colony.|
|1756 10||Several hundred refugees from Ile St-Jean arrive in Quebec on two little ships. They bring the number of Acadians in Quebec up to 600.|
|1757||Attempt to retake Louisbourg by British: Army of 12,000 oflicers and men under Lord Louden assemble in Halilax to retake Louisbourg. The attack was cancelled atter false
information about the strength of Louisbourg fell into British hands.A summer of misery in New France – poor crops, naval vessels seized by the English and epidemics.
|1757 11 12||Suzanne BEZIER dies in Québec, likely a casualty of the epidemic.|
|1757 11 27||Smallpox epidemic in Quebec: About 300 Acadian refugees
(including members of this family) succumbed to the smallpox
epidemic in 1758 according to the parish records of
Notre-Dame de Quebec.
|1757 12 17||Son Etienne dies in Québec, likely a casualty of the epidemic.|
|1757 12 17||Daughter Elizabeth and son Guillaume both die in Québec, likely from the epidemic.|
|1762~||Son Joseph is a widower and remarries Josephte CORMIER.|
|1763~||Son Pierre dies sometime before 1763.|
|1764~||Son François Maza marries Félicité LEBLANC.|
|1767~||Pierre’s sister Madeleine dies.|
The date of Pierre’s death is unknown.
♦ – documented or primary source evidence exists
♦ – credible evidence or research
♦ – Unproven or uncertain evidence or research
♦ – speculation