Comeau, Pierre (1680 – ?)

His family

Jean COMEAU & Françoise Hébert

+Suzanne BEZIER (~1677 – 1757.11.12)
| Suzanne COMEAU (~1705 – ?)
| Alexandre COMEAU (1707.11.21 – 1802)
| Marie-Josephte COMEAU (1710 – ?)
| Pierre COMEAU (1712.2.22 – ~1763)
| Marie Madeleine COMEAU (1714.10.21 – 1803.9)
| Etienne COMEAU (1717.1.3 – 1757.12.17)
| Anne COMEAU (1718.10.9 – ?)
| Elisabeth COMEAU (1718.10.9 – 1757.12.20)
| Jean-Baptiste COMEAU (1720.12.22 – 1724.5.3)
| Guillaume COMEAU (1723.5.27 – 1757.12.17)
| Prudent COMEAU  (1727.4.27 – 1727.5.1)
| Joseph COMEAU (1728.9.6 – ?)
| François Maza COMEAU (1731 – 1820)


Their story

At the time of Pierre’s birth, the king of France is Louis XIV le Roi Soleil (Bourbon). Charles II is the king of England.

New France is a crown colony with a population of  6,700. (1671). Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac, is the governor.

The Treaty of Breda recognized Acadia as a French possession. The population of Acadia is 340 according to its first census by Grandfontaine in 1671

1680 Pierre and his twin brother, Etienne, are born in Port Royal. They already have a two-year-old sister, Marie-Charlotte.
1682 Founding of Grand-Pré in Minas. This area will become the bread basket of Acadia.
1683~ Pierre’s brother Jean-Baptiste is born. Could possibly be 1686. 
1685 King James II succeeds his  brother, Charles II as king of England.
1685 – Edict of Nantes allowing freedom of religion to Huguenot protestants is revoked in France, resulting
in thousands of Huguenot craftworkers and traders settling in England.
 
1685~ Pierre’s sister Anne-Marie is born in Port Royal.
1686~ In the census recorded by Monsieur de Meulles, Pierre’s father, Jean COMMEAU, is 30 years old with 4 arpents of cultivated land, 4 cattle and 10 sheep. Living in the household are his wife (23 years old), 2 daughters and 3 sons. Pierre is estimated to be 6 years old.

Pierre’s future wife, Suzanne BEZIER (Pierre dit Touin &
Magdelaine BRUN) is born in Acadie of Magdelaine’s second husband. Suzanne BEZIER seems to be listed in two households for the 1686 census: under her father as a 2-month old and again under her mother Marguerite BRUN as Suzanne Riviere, 5 months old.

Pierre’s sister Marguerite is born.

De Meulles; Resensement de la Nouvelle France (Transcripton by Benjamin Sulte Vol VI)
1687~ St-Charles des Mines Church is built at Grand-Pré.

A measles epidemic takes hold in Quebec.

1688~ Pierre’s brother Augustin is born in Port Royal.
1689 King William III and Queen Mary II jointly assume the throne of England when deposed James VII/II flees to Ireland.

French-Five Nations war begins. Lachine massacre perpetrated by the Iroquois.

1690~ Port-Royal is captured by the British. It will be renamed Annapolis Royal.  An oath of allegiance to England is signed by Port Royal residents.

Frontenac repels Sir William Phipps attack on Quebec.

1690 Pierre’s grandfather, Pierre COMEAU dies in Acadie.

Pierre’s sister Marie is born.

1691~ Pierre’s brother François is born in Port Royal.
1693~ Pierre’s brother Claude is born in Port Royal.

In the census of 1693, Pierre’s father, Jean COMEAU is 40 years old with 18 cattle, 35 sheep, 14 hogs, 30 arpents of cultivated land and 1 gun. In his household are his wife (33 years old) and children: Anne Marie, Augustin, Francois, Jean Baptiste, Jean, Marguerite, Marie, Etienne and Pierre, who is listed as being 13.

Suzanne BEZIER is 7 years old and living with her parents
Pierre BEZIER dit Touin & Magdelaine BRUN. Also in the household are Jacques LÉGER dit LaRosette and Madeleine TRAHAN, her half-sister.

cen-001-002-060-1693-census-of-port-royal-comeau-jean
1694~ Pierre’s sister Françoise is born in Port Royal.
1694 12 28 King William III reigns alone after the death of Queen Mary II.
1695~ Pierre’s brother Alexandre is born in Port Royal.
1695 08 16 An oath of allegiance to King William is administered by Captain Fleetwood Emes, commander of the Sorlings frigate to the residents of Port Royal. The mark of Pierre’s father Jean Commeaux is on the document.

comeaujean1657-mark-169508

gov-001-1695-oathOath of Allegiance to King William at Port Royal.
Document. 1695-8. Boston archives.
1697 Pierre’s sister Madeleine is born in Port Royal.

Pierre’s sister Marie-Charlotte marries Pierre GIROUARD in Port Royal.

1697~ The treaty of Ryswick restores all captured territory between France and England
1698 In the 1698 census Pierre’s father, Jean Commeau is 43 with 16 cattle, 35 sheep, 7 hogs, 39 arpents of cultivated land, 83 fruit trees and 1 gun. In his household are his wife (37 years old) and children: Alexandre, Anne Marie, Augustin, Claude, Etienne, Francois, Francoise, Jean-Baptiste,  Jean, Madeleine, Marguerite, Marie and Pierre, who is 18 .

Susanne BEZIER is 12 and living with her parents Pierre BEZIER dit Touin and Magdelaine BRUN

1698 Census of Acadie (From http://acadian-genweb.acadian-home.org/frames.html)
1699 Pierre’s sister Marguerite is born in Port Royal.
1699 A smallpox epidemic in New France kills 100 people.
1700~ A map of the Annapolis Valley shows the location of Jean’s (J. CAUMON) homestead with 2 buildings.
1701~ Founding of Petitcodiac.

Another smallpox epidemic ravages Quebec.

1701 07 04 La Grande Paix de Montréal. Governor Callière and 38 First Nations chiefs sign an accord to end the wars between the French and Iroquois and the Anglo-Iroquois alliance.
1702 Another smallpox epidemic kills 2-3,000 people in New France.

Queen Anne (Stuart) succeeds her brother-in-law, William III.

England declares war on France in the War of the Spanish Succession

1703 Eighth Acadian census. With a population of 1,450, the Acadians are enumerated again.
1703 07 26
1703 08 19 (baptism)
Pierre’s brother Joseph Jean-Baptiste is born in Port Royal.
1704 01 25 Pierre marries Suzanne BEZIER in Port Royal, in St-Jean Baptiste parish. Witnesses included Felix Pain, Recollet missionary, and du Chambon, the governor of Acadia. It’s noted in the marriage register that the bride and groom did not know how to sign.
1705~ Daughter Suzanne is born in Pisiguid, Acadie
1705 08 01 Pierre’s sister Anne-Judith is born in Port Royal.
1707 In the 1707 census, Pierre’s father Jean is in Les Mines with his wife, 2 boys less than 14,1 girl 12 or older, 4 younger girls; 2 arpents, 10 cattle, 10 sheep, 8 hogs. 1707 Acadie census. Library & Archives Canada, Call Number: MG1-G1 , volume 466, partie 1, pages 215
1707 11 21 Son Alexandre is born in St-Charles-des-Mines
1708 Queen Anne’s war breaks out and there is unrest with the British.
1708 04 09 Son Alexandre is baptised in St-Charles-des-Mines
1709~ Death of Pierre’s sister Marie Charlotte.
1709 Slavery is legalized in Canada.
1710~ Marriage of Pierre’s twin brother Etienne to Marguerite FOREST in Port Royal.

Daughter Marie-Josephte is born in Annapolis Royal.

1710 Port-Royal falls to the British one last time and is now called Annapolis Royal after Queen Anne.
1710 02 02 Marriage of Pierre’s sister Françoise COMEAU to Jean Baptiste Soulard in Port Royal.
1711 08 23 British Fleet runs aground on Ile-aux-Oeufs while preparing to attack Québec. 950 drown.
1711 09 02-03 A storm causes Walkers’s british Fleet to run aground on the rocks of Ile-aux-Oeufs.
1712 02 22 Son Pierre is born in Pisiguid.
1713 04 11 By the Treaty of Utrecht Acadia now belongs to England and never again returns to France. Britain also gets possession of  Hudson Bay and Newfoundland, but not Ile Royale (Cape Breton).  Acadia is renamed Nova Scotia.
1713 02~
1713 02 17 (burial)
Pierre’s mother, Françoise HEBERT, dies at 50 years old in Annapolis Royal (formerly Port Royal). She is buried in the Cimitiere du Haut de la Riviere. Library & Archives Canada; http://collectionscanada.gc.ca), C1870, MG 9, B8, p. 649
1713 11 06 Marriage of Pierre’s brother Jean Baptiste to Anne Marie Thibodeau in Grand Pré, Acadie.
1714 The 1714 census conducted by Felix Pain in Acadie lists Pierre’s father, Jean Commeau, with his wife, 2 male children and 5 female children. It’s possible the census was published after her death in 1713.

Pierre has his own household and is enumerated with his wife, 4 boys and 3 girls.

Felix Pain, Recensement de 15 Octobre 1714 par Felix Pain
1714 02 12 Marriage of Pierre’s brother Augustin Comeau to Jeanne Levron in Annapolis Royal.
1714 08 01 Queen Anne (Stuart) died – George I (Hanover)
becomes king.
1714 10 20
1714 10 21 (baptism)
Daughter Marie-Magdeleine is born in Annapolis Royal. She is baptised the next day.
1715 Louis XV becomes king of France
A drought causes a wheat shortage in New France.
1715 01 07 Marriage of Pierre’s brother François to Marie Jeanne SOULARD (who died after 1718) in Québec, Québec. Archives National de Quebec
1716 09 30 Marriage of Pierre’s sister Madeleine to Pierre Trahan in Pisiguid.
1717 01 02
1717 01 03 (baptism)
Son Etienne is born in Annapolis Royal and baptised the next day.
1717 02 17 Death of Pierre’s sister Françoise in Québec, Québec.
1717 11 22 Death of Pierre’s brother François in Québec, Québec. Probably caused by an epidemic.
1718 Another epidemic of malignant fevers strikes the colonies.
1718 10 09 Twin daughters Anne and Elizabeth are born in Annapolis Royal.
1719 01 23 Marriage of Pierre’s sister Marguerite to Ambroise Melançon in Annapolis Royal.
1720 The fortress at Louisbourg begins construction..
1720 04 22 Pierre’s father, Jean, remarries to Catherine LEJEUNE in Annapolis Royal. Another date for this marriage could be 1720-01-07. 
Catherine gives birth to a daughter (Francoise) in November that year.
1720 11 03
1720 11 14 (buried)
After a lengthy illness, Pierre’s father Jean dies in Annapolis Royal at the age of 63. Nova Scotia Archives. Registers of St. Jean-Baptiste, Annapolis Royal, 1702-1755. Database and images. An Acadian Parish Remembered
1721 Massive fire in Montreal destroys 171 houses.
1722-1725 French prisoners are sent to New France as penal colonists. The intendant and bishop succeed in ending the practice.
1722 12 22 Son Jean-Baptiste is born in Annapolis Royal. He dies three years later.
1722 04 13 Pierre’s sister Anne-Marie dies.
1723 05 27 Son Guillaume is born in Annapolis Royal.
1724 05 03 Son Jean-Baptiste is dies in Annapolis Royal.
1725 05 28 Daughter Suzanne marries Antoine THIBODEAU in Annapolis Royal.
1725 07 21 Pierre’s brother Alexandre dies.
1725 12 15 Treaties signed between the Eastern Aboriginal Peoples and Great Britain.
1727 George II succeeds his father, George I as king of Great Britain.
1727 04 26
1727 04 27 (baptism)
Son Prudent is born in Annapolis Royal. He is baptised the next day in St-Jean parish and dies a few days later.
1727 05 01 Son Prudent dies in Annapolis Royal.
1728 Quebec experiences a harsh winter.
1728 09 06
1728 09 07 (baptism)
Son Joseph is born in Annapolis Royal and is baptised the next day.
1729 Grandson Blaise THIBODAUX is born in Pisiguid to Antoine THIBODEAU and Suzanne COMEAU.
1729 Another harsh winter in Quebec.
1732 Shipbuilding industry begins in Quebec.
1733 New France experiences a year of disasters, epidemics and unemployment.
1733 Son François Maza is born in in Annapolis Royal.
Daughter Marie-Josephte marries Charles Olivier DUPUIS in Annapolis Royal
1734 New France experiences a smallpox epidemic.
In April, a fire in Montreal destroys 45 houses.
1735 A ship from France brings contagion to the colony.
Construction of the Chemin du Roi on the north shore of the St-Lawrence between Quebec and Montréal.
1736 Disastrous wheat crops in the colony are due to excessive rains.
1737 Because of the previous year’s crop failures, famine spreads across the colony.
1737 01 16 Son Alexandre marries Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD in Annapolis Royal.
1737 02 01 Daughter Marie-Magdeleine marries Jean LAURT in Annapolis Royal.
1739 The last census of the Regime Francaise.
1739 Grandson Alexandre COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and  Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD.
1739 11 23 Son Pierre marries Isabelle LORD in Annapolis Royal.
1740 Grandson Joseph Belony COMEAU is born to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.
1741 Grandson Joseph Amable COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and  Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD.
1741 10 13 Pierre’s brother Augustin dies.
1742 04 27 Granddaughter Marie Josephte COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU  and Isabelle LORD.
1742 There is famine after a harvest that was even worse than 1737 due to excessive rain. There is also an invasion of caterpillars.
1743 A typhus epidemic strikes the colony.
1743 Grandson Germain COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.
1744 01 13 A double marriage in the family. Son Etienne marries Anne Hélène BLANCHARD and daughter Anne marries Silvain BOURGEOIS in Annapolis Royal.
1744 03 11 France declares war against England.
1744 05 13 Granddaughter Anne Suzanne COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to  Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud BLANCHARD.
1745~ Granddaughter Anne-Helene COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Etienne  COMEAU and Anne Hélène BLANCHARD.
1745 05 The fortress of Louisbourg is taken by an inexperienced New England military force supported by an English naval fleet of medium size. The siege lasted 7 weeks and most of the residents were deported to France. The English occupied the fort until the treaty of d’Aix-la-Chapelle in 1749.
1746~ Grandson Pierre Andre COMEAU is born to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD..
1746 12 21 Grandson Amand COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and Isabelle LORD..
1747 01 28 Grandson Charles COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and  Marie Josephte Raynaud
BLANCHARD.
1747 10 25 Granddaughter Félicité COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal Etienne COMEAU and Anne  Hélène BLANCHARD.
1748 Treaty of Aix-de-Chapelle ends French-British war: returns Louisbourg to  France.
1748 10 27 Granddaughter Anne COMEAU born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and  Isabelle LORD.
1749 Britain founds Halifax and brings 2,576 English settlers to counter the French presence at  Louisbourg.
An epidemic of fever strikes New France – there are numerous deaths.
1749 02 03 A triple marriage in the family. Son Guillaume marries Elisabeth BLANCHARD, daughter Anne marries Silvain BOURGEOIS and son Joseph marries Magdelaine GIROUARD in Annapolis Royal.
1749 08 15 1725 Indian Treaties renewed. Nova Scotia governor Cornwallis and Malecites sign.
1749 12 22 Granddaughter Félicité COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Guillaume COMEAU and  Elisabeth BLANCHARD.
1750 Three granddaughters born: Seraphie A. COMEAU in Annapolis Royal to Joseph COMEAU and Magdelaine GIROUARD
Marie Josephte COMEAU in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and Marie Josephte Raynaud  BLANCHARD.
Natalie LORD to Jean LAURT and Marie Magdeleine COMEAU.
1750 A typhus epidemic spreads through New France.
1750 05 21 Grandson Francois COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre  COMEAU and Isabelle LORD.
1750 06 29 Granddaughter Marguerite COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Etienne COMEAU and Anne  Hélène BLANCHARD.
1751 04 11 Granddaughter Marguerite COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Joseph COMEAU and  Magdelaine GIROUARD
1752 03 23 The Halifax Gazette begins publication – the first newspaper printed in Canada.
1752 04 25 Granddaughter Elisabeth COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Guillaume COMEAU and  Elisabeth BLANCHARD.
1752 10 30 Granddaughter Elisabeth COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Pierre COMEAU and  Isabelle LORD.
1752 11 02 Granddaughter Anne  COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Joseph COMEAU and  Magdelaine GIROUARD.
1752 11 22 The 1725 Indian Treaties are renewed by N.S. Gov. Cornwallis and Micmacs.
1753 04 06 Grandson Guillaume COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Alexandre COMEAU and  Marie Josephte Raynaud
BLANCHARD
1754 French and Indian war begins (7 Years War). War is not declared in  Europe for another two  years
1754 06 28 Grandson Guillaume Joseph COMEAU is born in Annapolis Royal to Guillaume COMEAU and  Elisabeth BLANCHARD.
1755~ Daughter Anne’s second marriage to Charles MOUTON.
Grandson Jean BLANCHARD born to René BLANCHARD and
Elizabeth COMEAU.
Daughter Marguerite married J.B. BLANCHARD in Annapolis Royal.
1755 British establish a postal service in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Fort Beausejour falls to the British and is renamed Fort Cumberland.

The Great Expulsion begins. Over 10,000 Acadians are forced from their homes by British Governor  Charles Lawrence.
Beausoleil is in charge of 300 Acadian Rangers fighting in and around Fort Beausejour.

A  French fleet (4000 men) is engaged and scattered on the
Grand Banks by the British fleet under Boscawen. Captured ships Alcide and Lys were found to contain 10,000
scalping knives for Acadians and lndians under MicMac
Chief Cope and Acadian Beausoleil.

A smallpox epidemic strikes Quebec.

A fire damages l’Hôtel-Dieu hospital in Québec.

1755 07 28 The acadian deportation begins and continues for several years. On this date, governor Charles  Lawrence, orders the deportation. The transport of families from the Beaubassin region begins in August.
1755 09 05 Deportaton of Acadiens from the Grand-Pré region.
1756 A typhus epidemic strikes the colony.
1756 10 Several hundred refugees from Ile St-Jean arrive in Quebec on two little ships. They bring the number of Acadians in Quebec up to 600.
1757 Attempt to retake Louisbourg  by British:  Army of 12,000 oflicers and  men under Lord Louden  assemble in Halilax to retake  Louisbourg. The attack was  cancelled atter false
information about the  strength of Louisbourg fell  into British hands.A summer of misery in New France – poor crops, naval vessels seized by the English and epidemics.
1757 11 12 Suzanne BEZIER dies in Québec, likely a casualty of the epidemic.
1757 11 27 Smallpox epidemic in Quebec: About 300 Acadian refugees
(including members of this family) succumbed to the smallpox
epidemic in 1758 according  to the parish records of
Notre-Dame de Quebec.
1757 12 17 Son Etienne dies in Québec, likely a casualty of the epidemic.
1757 12 17 Daughter Elizabeth and son Guillaume both die in Québec, likely from the epidemic.
1762~ Son Joseph is a widower and remarries Josephte CORMIER.
1763~ Son Pierre dies sometime before 1763.
1764~ Son François Maza marries Félicité LEBLANC.
1767~ Pierre’s sister Madeleine dies.

The date of Pierre’s death is unknown.


Legend

♦ – documented or primary source evidence exists
  – credible evidence or research
  – Unproven or uncertain evidence or research
♦ – speculation